Brazil’s top anti-corruption prosecutor has charged President Michel Temer with obstruction of justice and racketeering.
It is the second set of criminal charges he faces and is based on the plea-bargain testimony of the owners of the meatpacker JBS.
They accused Mr Temer of taking bribes and of conspiring to buy the silence of a witness.
Mr Temer has strongly rejected all allegations of wrongdoing.
The earlier corruption charge was blocked by Congress, which has the power to decide whether the president should stand trial.
In the second round of charges, President Temer is accused along with six other political allies.
The Chief Prosecutor Rodrigo Janot said in a statement that Mr Temer “acted as leader of a criminal organisation” made up of senior members of his PMDB party.
He said the group had allegedly taken $190m (£140m) in bribes in return for contracts at public companies.
The charges derive in part from testimony given by the owners of the world’s largest meat packer, JBS, Joesely Batista and Wesley Batista.
They told prosecutors that they met Mr Temer in his Brasilia residence and secretly recorded him allegedly discussing paying hush money to a witness.
President Temer has denied the recording shows anything incriminating.